Everyone, including children, can get kidney stones, a condition when hard materials resembling stones are formed in the kidneys, often due to dehydration.
The kidneys are important organs that function to maintain blood composition. How the kidneys work prevents waste from collecting and controlling body fluid balance.
Another function is to keep electrolytes such as sodium, potassium and phosphate stable. The kidneys also produce hormones and enzymes that help control blood pressure, make red blood cells, and maintain strong bones.
What is kidney stone disease?
The process of the occurrence of stones in the kidney is called nephrolithiasis. Kidney stones themselves are hard deposits formed from substances in the urine.
Kidney stones or urinary stones are usually very small or can reach around a few inches. Meanwhile, the larger size of the stone that fills the channel that carries urine from the kidney to the bladder is called staghorn stone.
Causes of Kidney Stone
Urology Specialist from Pondok Indah Hospital Dr. Hery Tiera, Sp.U said that dehydration and lack of drinking water often cause symptoms of kidney stones
"The most common cause is dehydration. Little kids like to play. Remind them to drink," he said.
In addition, he explained, children who have metabolic disorders have a greater risk of kidney stones.
Children living in eastern Indonesia, according to him, also have the potential to face similar problems because of the high levels of lime in the water in the area where they live.
If a stone has formed in the kidney, the flow of urine can be blocked so that there is swelling and strain in the kidneys. "If not treated immediately, permanent kidney damage will occur," said Hery.
Symptoms of Kidney Stone
One sign of the presence of stones in the kidney is that the patient feels lower back pain or discomfort in the body at the bottom of the last rib to the top of the pelvic bone.
"For example, the waist on the left side hurts, almost certainly kidney stones. Constant, the pain will not disappear. Unlike muscle pain, lying down can be better, because of its relaxed position. If the pain is due to stones, Hery said.
Not only lower back pain, someone who suffers from kidney stones also experiences other symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, fever, pain during urination, urine redness, disturbances during urination such as difficulty or choking, weakness and weight loss.
It's just that kidney stones do not always cause symptoms, even lower back pain. This condition is dangerous because without realizing the patient that the stone can grow and clog the kidneys.
"Many patients come without symptoms, because sometimes the stone does not make the back hurt. If the stone drops into the ureter then the pain is extraordinary. The level of pain can be 11. Asymptomatic, large stones can make the kidneys malfunction," Hery said.
He revealed, someone who has kidney stones has a 50 percent chance of experiencing a similar problem in 5 years.
Therefore, in order not to experience kidney stones you must maintain a dietary pattern and meet your daily fluid intake.
Kidney Stone Treatment
Kidney stones that cannot be treated with conservative measures (drinking lots of water, painkillers) are usually because the stones are too large and cause bleeding, kidney damage or urinary tract infections.
As reported by the Mayo Clinic, treatment of chronic kidney stones can be done by using sound waves to break stones. For certain kidney stones (depending on size and location) the doctor can recommend a procedure called extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL).