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Snares That Kill and Threaten Sumatran Tiger Population

A wild Sumatran tiger was found dead on the border of Muara Lembu village and Pangkalan Indarung, Kuantan Singingi Regency, Riau, Wednesday afternoon (26/09/2018). The female tiger is dead after being caught in a steel wire. As announced by Antara, the tiger first managed to escape the trap, but was caught in a trap caught in a bush and died suspended on the edge of a cliff.

The body of the tiger was then transported to the Riau Natural Resource Conservation Center (BBKSDA) in the city of Pekanbaru on Wednesday night.

Upon arrival at BBKSDA, the medical team immediately conducted an autopsy or carcass surgery. According to the Antara report, the medical team that dissected the tiger's stomach discovered an intact fetus.

"The results of the necropsy are known, the tigers are in a state of pregnancy, there are two [fetuses], the sex is masculine and feminine.The structure of the body is complete.There are five nails, the teeth are ready to Breastfeeding ", Head of BBKSDA Suharyono was quoted by the BBC. According to the doctors who perform the autopsy, the tiger will give birth in the next 10 days.

The International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) states that the status of Sumatran tigers is seriously threatened. The quantity in nature does not exceed 400 tails. The death of a tiger will therefore have a direct impact on the resilience of the population.

Today, Sumatran tigers are the only subspecies of Tiger or Panthera tigris remaining in Indonesia. According to the WWF, there are five other subspecies of tigers in the world, namely the tiger of Love / Siberian (Panthera tigris altaica), the Tigers of Bengal / Indians (Panthera tigris tigris), the Tigers of Indochina (Panthera tigris corbetti) and the Malayaniger (Panthera tigris jacksoni)

As their name suggests, Sumatran tigers are endemic to the island of Sumatra.

According to the WWF, the Sumatran Tigers have the smallest body, compared to other subspecies, with a length of 2.5 meters and a weight of 140 kilograms. The color of the fur is darker than that of other tiger species and varies from reddish yellow to dark orange with black stripes.

WWF explains that the existence of tigers is important because animals are classified as umbrella species (umbrella species). The protection of these animals will indirectly protect other species living in the same habitat. In Sumatra, six regions are protected for tiger conservation: Ulumasen-Leuser, Kampar-Kerumutan, Bukit Tigapuluh, Kerinci Seblat, Bukit Balai Rejang Selatan and Bukit Barisan Selatan.

Snares threaten the tiger population

Over the past two months, man-made traps have consumed at least two victims of endangered protected species. According to Antara, an elephant child from Sumatra became a victim of a trap in the Pelalawan district of Riau last August. The elephant can always be saved but must be separated from the mother and the flock. A month later, the Sumatran tiger was trapped again in Riau, but this time his life was defenseless.

According to NE Gray, et al in "The Wildlife Capture Crisis: An Insidious and Ubiquitous Threat to Biodiversity in Southeast Asia" (2017), a Trap Trap is the Rationale for Defaunation or extinction of species in the Southeast Asia Region. Traps can be made easily and cheaply and used in large quantities, but they are very difficult to recognize. In addition, he trapped the victim indiscriminately. Animals as big as elephants, animals as small as birds can become victims.

Gray, et al., Explained that traps can cause animal welfare problems as well as death. He added that one-third of the animals had managed to escape with injuries without knowing their future destiny. For animals that have been seriously injured and rescued, they will definitely be treated permanently in a wildlife rescue center.